New hardware is currently being installed in crowded areas all around the world as 5G arrives. In many instances, the demand for 5G capacity is greater than the capacity of the current infrastructure, particularly in remote, thinly inhabited locations.
Satellite communication has long been treated as a separate technology from mobile networking. In remote and countryside areas, connectivity to automobiles, boats, planes, and other IoT devices will be regulated by networks using the next generation of satellites, which are constructed using 5G architecture.
The 'terrestrial' infrastructure for 5G on Earth will soon be supported by 5G signals beaming down from space. The ultimate result is a new satellite space race that promises to deliver clients with a seamless wireless experience around the world.
High data rates can be delivered globally by 5G-capable satellites. Since the passengers in ships, planes, and other conveyances would obviously not have easy access to cell phone towers, the deployment of 5G technology holds great promise for providing connectivity to them.
How far is the 5G satellite ?
A 5G satellite orbits the globe in a low earth orbit (LEO), which is typically between 300 and 1200 miles above the surface, unlike a geostationary satellite. The speed at which these LEO satellites must move to stay in orbit is over 2.5 times that of geostationary satellites. Before that, we should be aware of Leo Satellite
Geostationary and in orbit for more than 50 years, traditional communication satellites are geostationary. GEO satellites orbit 36,000 kilometers above the earth and weigh over 1000 kg. In relation to any position, these satellites maintain a fixed position. This enables ground-based antennas to point directly at the satellite in a fixed position despite Earth's orbit.
Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites, in contrast, are scaled-down satellites that orbit at altitudes between 500 to 2000 kilometers and weigh less than 500 kg. Due to its low orbit, the satellite is better positioned to quickly receive and transmit data, which significantly reduces latency. Sadly, this also results in a smaller coverage area, forcing LEO satellites to continuously fade along traffic and communication signals across a constellation.
What is a LEO satellite used for? LEO satellites orbit between 2,000 and 200 kilometers above the earth. LEO satellites are commonly used for communications, military reconnaissance, spying and other imaging applications. Early data from Speed test Intelligence revealed that there is a wide range of 5G download speeds, going all the way from 16.27 Mbps all the way up to 809.95 Mbps.
fig- Low Earth Orbit.
The case for 5G satellites
The satellite industry has a history of constantly being behind. On the backend, a lot of time and effort was put onto implementing new satellite technology within the currently used telecommunication standards and practices. The current satellite business might profit from 5G's networking architecture right away.
To expand network coverage and act as a back in the event of natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes, LEO satellite constellations will be added to terrestrial 5G infrastructure. Additionally, by offering higher data rates and low latency across a constellation of satellites in the sky, they are going to promote the delivery of enhanced mobile broadband and next-generation IoT devices.
It ought to become certain that the next space rivalries will require 5G-capable satellites. They provide revenue prospects that are literally out of this world for companies like SpaceX, Amazon, and others.